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Noviy Bug

Since olden times Novy Bug had been called “wild field”. Historians insist that at this land were the roots of Slavic people. It’s believed that Zaporojska Sitch Cossacks settled down in our area.

First information about these Cossacks regards to 1753. They lived upon Balka, which afterwards had been renamed to Kutsa. Perhaps, this year may be considered as the year of foundation of our town, though the official documents say that it was founded in 1798. Kutsa Balka, Semenivna, Novopoltavka—these were the names of our place before the 2-nd of April 1832. It eventually received its modern name Novy Bug according to the Tzsar’s order.

By this time the population of Novy Bug was 5831 people. Families of Dozorets, Lomavatsky, Pekar, Medvedkovsky, Rabinovitch, Shoichesh, Gershun, Gutkin lived and worked in Novy Bug. The chief editor of local newspaper was the Jewish man Sigalov. The first school principal was also the Jewish—Diorditsa. After the WWII Jacob Milpstein, who was a very high-educated man, worked in Novy Bug Pedagogical College. He was known for teaching children Yiddish secretly. By the way, the principal of this college soon afterwards became Miron Osipchuk, who was Jewish too. Although Jews in USSR were oppressed, in Novy Bug they lived peacefully with people of other ethnicity.

In the years of WWII Jews from Novy Bug along with Ukrainians bravely defended their homeland. Journalist Georgy Stadnik gathered materials about frightful mass execution of Jews in Novopoltavka, Novy Bug district. This material was heard from those who had survived, and was printed in local newspaper “Vpered”. This article was released under the name “Hrosya” in 1977. This story tells how all the Jews from Novopoltavka were caught for execution. There were one Ukrainian woman among these people, her name was Frosia (Hrosia Shubina), who were employed by one Jewish man named Katuzer as a baby-sitter for his kids. By this time Katuzer’s wife had died and he was left with two sons Yusia and Lyonia. This young Ukrainian girl loved his kids so much, so they called her their mother and later Katuzer decided marry her. They lived happily, and had another child, little girl Lubasha. The war suddenly fell and all the Jews were chased for being killed. In this terrible colonnade along with her Jewish children walked Hrosia. When polizei pointed her out, she was thrown out the colonnade, but went back. So, together with her children she was murdered. Her daughter Lubasha managed to survive thanking to Ukrainian family that had been hiding her. All of the rest people lie in the nameless grave in Novopoltavka, Novy Bug district.

T. Grinevska